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Science & Research

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Book Disinfection Service

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U.S. Trademark 2018



Effects of Air Temperature and Relative Humidity on Coronavirus Survival on Surfaces

Commercial Air Travel & Infectious Disease 

In 2009, a passenger with Norovirus vomited on a commercial aircraft. Over the next 5 days, 43% of flight attendants on that aircraft developed Norovirus.

(Exposed passengers were not contacted by the airline.)

"Recurring Norovirus Transmission on an Airplane"

Researchers from Auburn University found infectious bacteria and viruses can survive on untreated airplane surfaces for 7 days.

"Bacteria can linger on airplane surfaces for days"

Harvard and MIT found a strong correlation between air passenger volume and influenza severity over a 15 year time interval.

"Empirical Evidence for the Effect of Airline Travel on Inter-Regional Influenza Spread in the United States"

CDC and NIOSH reported flight attendant illness rates 4x that of office workers and 2x that of school teachers.

"Prevalence of respiratory symptoms among flight attendants and teachers"

GAO Report-16-127:



Comprehensive Federal Plan Needed for US Aviation System's Preparedness

THE MIDDLE SEAT: "The Trouble With Keeping Commercial Flights Clean"

"Airlines say they set their own standards without regulators...and conduct their own quality-control inspections...Carriers don't report what they spend for cleaning, but some have said they reduced costs in that area when pinched economically."

INFECtious DiSease Economics

Flu-conomics: The next pandemic could trigger global recession

SARS: "'Within hours or days, an event that starts on one side of the world can establish itself on the other,'...Lufthansa saw demand for flights to and from Asia tumble 85%, and grounded a dozen planes. With planes grounded, oil demand fell by 300,000 barrels a day in Asia, dinging revenues of oil companies from Kuwait to Venezuela."

"This year's flu season (2018-19) could be the deadliest in years--and the most expensive"

UPDATE: Flu Season could cost $15.4B


“'If this strain sickens as many people as during the 2014-2015 outbreak, over 18 million workers could miss work due to illness, increasing our previous estimate by 64 percent.'...With over 18 million estimated employed adults missing four eight-hour shifts, the cost to employers could reach $15,424,800,736.32." 


"UV Dose Required to Achieve Incremental Log Inactivation of Bacteria, Protozoa, and Viruses."